Friday, 8 January 2016

Making the Little House ____________ a Tutorial by Beano Boy

This is my little book,and i have put it together in order to help others realise just how easy it is to take pen in hand and design their very own stuff.

Tools Needed.
A Set Square.
A Metal Ruler. I recommend a Safety Ruler with a grove down the center where your fingers are safe from being cut off and flying around the work place.
A Craft Knife,and new pointed  blades.
A few Pens for marking out lightly,and then heavy-like  used for scribing.
 Pencil just smudges off,giving lots of problems. This I know only far to well so take my advice please.

                                                         And So A Beginning

The shape is marked out,defining where the windows will be,and the upper floor is marked at the same time,along with the roof. I will show how the chimney`s are made later. The pieces were all cut out,and the work of cutting out the windows began. Soon they were all cut out. Looking at it as a pattern,a plan, what we have is a small house  with four dormer windows at the top and ordinary windows where windows ought to be lower down. Artistic Licence applies here ,because one puts windows wherever one wants them,and the same goes for doors too,but the principle of my system i developed can be used on any shape and design of build going up tall ,or coming down small.

Which basically means if you wish to have a go at scratch-building in this way,it is your build not mine. However mind your fingers,and make sure the craft knife cannot roll off the work table and onto a Pet. OK?

                                                     So onward with the cutting.

            Where the line defines the edge of each wall i cut a tiny slit right through at the bottom.      

                        Then when turned over i can see where to mark the edge of the inside walls.

                                        Three lines are penned down each inner end wall.

                                           Just one line down at the edges of the cut-out ends.

                      The center line is lightly scores down a few times,but not right through.
Then the craft knife is angled in order to cut out a V section.

                                         Above that V section seen quite clearly.

            ( You can practice on scrap paper to gain experience,before attempting this cut.  )

                                        Each inner wall markings are cut out the same way.

                                          The facing paper left intact to hold it together.

          As seen above the end edge is angled at a sloop,and this means the two end walls
          will meet,as the whole thing is folded up to form a an oblong box shape.

                                I always wait until reaching this point to cut out the door ways.
                              However when to cut what out depends on the individual,and the
                                end result logically speaking is the same

                        Although the work on the inside of build is not complete.i want to show
                        you how the little house folds up,around the upper floor section.

                                    It`s a very easy thing to bend just where the bend should be.

                                        The floor is simply slipped into place where the ink line is.

                                   A tinny piece of tape holds it in place,just for this illustration.

                                It`s looking Good and each edge is clean straight and tidy.

                                                    What! A loose piece of paper?

                                This was easily stuck back in place. So caused no problem.

Back to the flat out stage. It has been laid onto another piece of card,and used as a template.So skirting around all the edges the windows and doors are easily marked out,as is the entire outside edge.So the next piece is marked out easily.

Four sections are cut out after marking out allowing a space for the box to form. I put A,B,C and D,on all the corresponding pieces.  As these parts go together they will cover up the pen line for the floor level,but it can soon be placed on as a guide again. The point of it was to help show the illustration.So each piece is to be stuck in place after the windows have been marked out in full.
                                                       The first piece is stuck in place.                                                                              

The open door a useful thing to do,because it allows a darn good opportunity for tiny figures  to be placed giving them  a sense of purpose in entering and leaving the house,or just stood chatting from the doorstep. Yes, there will be doorsteps and allowance for them has been made under each doorway.

                              It`s a good feeling when one reaches this point in the project.

                      Each part has its corresponding letter on the other piece that is to be stuck
                    upon it.Here goes the C.

                                      Here goes the D with its door slap bang in the middle.

Allowance has been made at the edges where my trusty Knife and hard pressed pen points.

After spending an overnight sleep with a heavy book upon it the little oblong boxed shape is ready  for gluing up with the floor along the ink line.

                                 Glue is brushed onto edges of the floor,and also into each
                                  grove,and at each end too.

                In seconds it goes together  and the trusty elastic bands come into play once more.
The installed floor keeps it square  and tremendously strong.

The sections have been cut out that will make the roof quite fit and able just to slip either sides of each dormer window.  It is at this point the center line on the roof top side of the card is carefully and lightly scored a couple of times,but not right through.  Now the card can be folded and placed onto the building ,and each side checked that they are still aligned with each Dormer Window. Everything was square and true,so no adjustments needed doing.

The faint lines were made along the top or the roof which  revealed where the waste was to be cut out ,and with that removed it allowed the roof to slide right into place. The lines going across the inside of the roof must be square with the edges.  Use the Set Square.

I always like to mark A onto the inside of the roof ,and likewise with trusty over-keen pen,ink another A onto the floor or wall inside the workpiece. This makes sure in case there`s a slight difference in  each dormer  window at the sides. Makes life easier and this makes sure the roof goes onto the build in the exact same place every time.

                                            A dry run showing that dormer windows.

              I always cut a longer roof off than is needed,because it`s easier to trim a piece off later to make it look correct,than having to stick a piece on ,and failing . Than having to scrap all that hard work,and start a new roof again.

                                       The elastic band courtesy of the Royal Mail Lady,
                                        lays limp to one side now its job has been well done.

The Little house is quite a strong structure and once the roof is scribed out it could simply be stuck on,but i design all my roofs to be very tough indeed. So the roof needs supports rather like a real roof.However simplicity is the key here and all that`s needed.  No complicated cuts on my scratch building. Simple is,As Simple does!
 "Yes,BB,is quite simple in his own creative way."                                                         
 "Ya! You can say that again."                                                                                            
______"That`s OK,guys we get the point of ingenious little fellows like you."                                                                                                  


                                                     Making the Bracket`s for the Roof.

                                                          The easiest way to do it.

This is a good strong shape,and it allows a complete view through the top windows without a beam blocking the line of sight.  I am a firm believer in marking out once,and then using it as a template,just by drawing around the thing..

                                                                 Look`s Good

                               In the picture above you can see the clearance over the end windows
                                             They were all stuck onto another piece of card.

 Left for five minutes after gluing them,then a heavy book is just the right tool to use and will keep them flat and true. Waiting a few minutes stops the things sliding about with the weight of the book.

                                                          MAKING THE CHIMNEY`S

The first thing one notices when looking down upon a model,or toy building is the rooftop and the chimneys. You can have a fantastic looking building,but make a feeble job of the roof and chimneys and the viewing interest is lost. Below is how i made rendered chimneys. A first for me this time.

What follows is one of the easiest ways of making them,that i could possibly present.

Strips of paper wound around a brush handle with a touch of glue makes perfect cheap chimney pots.
The chimney in the picture was for another project.

                                               The Apex must be the same as the end walls.
                                                The shapes stuck onto scrap paper card.

When the glue is dry the chimney`s are easy to cut into shape by running the craft knife around  the edges.Then once again it was stuck onto another piece of paper card. Eventually it was built up in width to four.

 Here are the cut out pieces that when combined will make two solid good looking chimney`s.
To mask the straight edges of the card created by gluing four pieces together,p v a glue was applied and then it was stuck onto facing paper that had been peeled off,a piece of spare card,but of course the facing flat side is the sticking point here. Later when trimmed it left  the edges looking the same as the larger side which had ,had its facing paper removed in the same manner.

Moving along two pieces had already been stuck in place and thick glue was being  arranged for that next piece.

And so after each section had dried out a bit and another added it was taking the intended shape.

After a little forethought, adding simple cuts in differing sizes was going to add detail to an otherwise flat bleak line of chimney`s,and would in turn hopefully look good to those eyes that would view them.

                         Finally it was chimney pot time.    One could call it a Crowning Moment.    
I actually love making these.                                                                    

The little tube needed plenty of PVA Glue placed into it from the bottom using a small brush.

Then each in turn was placed onto the tiny cross, and arranged upright  straight and top level. Because these are tiny pieces ones eyes are perfect enough to do this. Later glue can be globed and guided around and in between the chimney pots with a trusty brush. As for the glue p v a,the more the better.

                              At this point i simply stood them onto the roof until the glue dried.

That`s about where they will positioned on this little building.  They are good and solid,and will paint up well. So this has been just one way of making simple chimney`s for your model building.

As seen above,you might also like to visit my March 2015 Topic,  Hillcreast Cottage which shows a different approach to Brick Chimneys & Thatching!)

                                      Scribing The Roof & Sticking the Brackets in Place.

 Starting at the center  line`Two 16th`s`,down each side. Always make sure that a line on the Ruler is sighted down the center line as each line is marked out for scribing down each side of the roof at the same time. One on one side,one on the other. This avoids making a mess of the scribing work,and is the best ever tip i could give you concerning scribing roof tops.

The top two lines must be scribed right across the same way,then working downwards create the brick weave pattern.  When complete a few tiles with the edges can be scribed off giving a slight appearance of broken tiles.

Sticking the Brackets in Place

Work on a flat surfuce.

Now this is very important,because if you get this wrong all the work done so far is useless. You must make sure the lines are square across the underside of the roof,before sticking the brackets in place alongside each line which is crucial in forming the angle of the roof. Most importantly you must have a few of your favourite sweets on the work table too.  To,suck and chew away with the gluing and placing of each bracket. Here six brackets = 6 of my sweets. So you get double the enjoyment in sticking every piece in its rightful place.

I use PVA Waterproof Glue,it`s thicker than the cheap watered down stuff. If you buy cheap you are paying for half a tube of water,so take my advice and buy the much more expensive glue,that will not run off in all directions when applied. Another Tip here is this, Give each bracket a good thick amount of glue and place aside until all the brackets have been coated. Wait a few minutes lets say five. Than picking up the first bracket,brush on thickly more glue on top of the first coat,and fix it into place. This speeds up the sticking process,and means you don`t have to waste time holding the roof up into place while waiting for the glue to stick. The principle here is two fold,One coat you let dry off a bit so it will act like contact glue,and Two the wetter glue will be forced out as each bracket is stuck firmly into place. This creates a nice seal of glue along each side. You can tidy it up later,or not.

Two of the brackets are trimmed shorter to go in the mid section leading down to what will be the dormer window.

                                      Well that was quick and i have one sweet left.
                                    "Where`s it gone? I`m sure i counted six.

 Soon even though not completely dried off,it can be handled in the confidence that it is a good sound roof indeed,and one that will not be flimsy and fall to bits. Believe me the sweets make a heck of an easy job of this type of work.

                                    "My Word! There it is all covered in bright shinny paper,

                              And inside Chocolate coated Toffee.  Mmmmmm,Bliss!"

                                                            Adjusting the Dormer Windows

                                   The roof fits perfectly on, but a i have just realised a minor
                                    problem has to be put to rights. Please follow along it will
                                    be fully explained and is a good learning curb to see just how
                                    it will be corrected and not brushed aside as being unimportant.

                          I forgot to angle the inside edges of each dormer window sections,
                         but it is just a matter of doing it now. The knife angle and faint ink
                         lines will help one see the tiny problem,and where the cutting has
                         to take place.

                                     It was soon rectified and if anything,it was just a bit
                                      awkward  doing this fiddle of a job.

                                  So the right angles have been cut out nicely with a fresh
                                  sharp pointed craft knife blade.

                              Then i cut out what will make up each side of the dormer.
                             These will have the same angle partly cut into each of them
                              so when glued into place the dormer will have a nice sharp
                              clean corner to the walls  either end of each window.

                             Meanwhile the roof and chimneys have been painted with,
                            S M Enamel Black Paint,which makes it a tougher than any off the
                             peg plastic when dry.

The end wall brackets have been stuck in place either side of the dormer windows. I built a little lean to  which can be seen in the picture,and because i need another that is marked out on the card.

The Strelets figure of General Pickton looks a Giant compared to the small ho oo scale figures.

The tiled roof will extend  over each dormer now. 

Fixing the Fascia under each Eave.
These can be wood or even stone. It is up to the individual on how the box is dressed up for show.

                                                         The Outside Door Mantel



A slight subtle change to the dressing up of the little house. I am facing it in stone rather than wooden beams with mantel`s over the doors. I want to give this place a lift which will imply a more substantial building than it would be if it were to be left just as a rather Plain Jane Box.

So the stone masons work i  his art can be created just by using strips of cheap paper card and glue.

There will be a doorsteps glued onto a base,so the building can just squeeze into place. This is much better than sticking one to the building itself only to fined it has bent up enough to cause many a milk bottle to skittle away out of place.

The slight open door,and the stone work taken shape. Hopefully as these  have gone into place they have given out idea`s to others how a simple cardboard box can be improved upon.

There are also more work to do upon the roof too as each chimney is stuck into place. No main base colour painting has been done yet,just white to tidy it up a tiny bit. The lean to is slightly out of place because the stone work needs a tiny trim so that it will fully slip into place. 

Now i must just mention it here with a question which is,can you can remember the slit cut into the upper floor? Well the answer to Why it is there is to allow light to filter upwards
  as it does up a stairwell in a real house. A tiny light fixed into place where the actual bulb remains out of sight will allow that glimmer of light to the upper windows.  

The strips of split down the middle card has been folded in half then stuck onto the chimney bottoms.This is the lead flashing around the chimney`s. It`s like a saddle. These are not stuck onto the roof yet. Painting the roof is next then the ridge line can be stuck in place,along with these two sitting in their saddles.

                                                    The Roofs Have Been Dry Brushed

                                  A little more work to be done on the ridge line and painting.


  1. Impressive, very impressive!

    1. Thanks Phil,for commenting. Over the years i`ve built many a scratch building because i don`t like flimsy plastic buildings mostly because of their shape or design. So i formulated simple mathematics,and designed my own practical strong robust stuff.It`s not rocket science unless you are building one. Over the years i have taught others and always was the aim it would be their own design and build,whereby they could achieve far better end results then little O`ll Me.BB

    2. Anyway, a pleasure for my eyes!

    3. A second look,is good Phil. Thanks again Buddy! BB

  2. I had never thought of laying out the full building like that, the cutting the vee in the corners is top notch! I will have to give this a go.

    1. Hi Russ,I developed my system myself when i was working on my Terraced Houses. I`ts not perfect but it`s a good way of making tiny boxes. How one then dresses them up, "Well the skys the limit." BB