Monday, 4 April 2016

The Attack on the Fortress City of Tyre ___ by Beano Boy

One of two 50 m Towers burn  set ablaze by oil filled incendiary ships and barges launched against them. It must have been quite an inferno,many were killed.  This old print above from an engraved copper plate portrays  Alexanders attack on the Fortress City of Tyre. The Old City of Tyre on the manland was totally destroyed and the rubble used in the construction of the great causeway leading into the sea toward the Fortress City which had 46 m high walls. After 7 months Alexander was still being attacked by Phoenician ships ,because Tyre was built upon an island of rock and had a harbour facing out to sea ,so both supplies and ships were not in short supply.  

What follows is how the Siege Towers were raised up in my opinion as an Engineer. Prefabricated pieces made flat on their side. Then each and every piece carried up the causeway and assembled gradually raising them up and all fixed in place with wooden pegs ,and soon reaching the height of 50m. One thing you avoid is advertising your true intentions by letting the enemy see your every move. Yes they could see the ongoing causeway work it had been so for over 7 months. These huge siege towers were to say the least quite frightening as they were assembled in quick smart time.More than likely rehearsals had been made giving good first hand experience to the engineers and improving the speed they could construct these huge towers. Problems were avoided by not having to pull or push them the entire length of the causeway. However plans in war seldom are that simple ,because here in this instance reaction to the threat was swift and the huge towers were counter attacked by fireships. Most certainly the causeway was nowhere near complete enough for the towers to unload in a level pegging, battle hardened infantry against those station upon the walls.So therefore these were protective towers constructed to give extra fire support to those doing the work on the causeway ,and those employed in getting the job done. A massive deterrent against raiding Phoenician ships. Alexander ordered more towers to be made and the causeway widened.

Soon artillery machines were moved in to support the archers already deployed,and a steady bombardment of stone and javelin began.However Alexander realised he now needed ships in order to continue the attack on this island fortress. So he called in his favours and obtained over 300 ships from Sidon, his Greek Allies and the King of Cyprus.
One thing was most certain one never said no to Alexander. The haughty King of Tyre had done so and was about to pay the ultimate price for it. All that would happen was caused in part by the  Tyrians refusing a Peace Treaty with Alexander.When they killed his envoys and threw their body`s into the sea from the fortress wall the die was cast,it would be war on a scale they never imagined.

With gaining more support in the way of ships and men,now the battle changed and the island fortress was blockaded good and proper nothing was getting into or out of that harbour and as that swift sword of power came into play naval engineers constructed heavy battering rams on their ships and the massive walls crumbled and tumbled downwards,with load cheers a plenty no doubt. 
Now it was payback time.
With the breach exploited Alexanders professional army attacked and poured into Tyre thought to be by many for hundreds of years impregnable. Reports claim that only 400 Macedonians were killed.____As for those others over 8000 were slain in Tyre,2000 prominent leaders were killed as a reprisal. 2000 more young men were crucified on the Beach and over 30.000 inhabitants mainly women and children were sold into slavery.                                                                                                                  
The siege lasted from January to July of 332 BC.                                                                                  
Nothing remains of Tyre,and it is my opinion based upon common sense that the stone was removed and used in the construction of a brand new City Alexandria.                                                                                                                                        
A Turning Point of Power had Begun

Written by BB 

A Few More Facts Below

 A question directed at me from a Forum member was in connection with stone still being  in place there on the rocks that once were part of Tyre  in Crusader times,and the place still a fortress. This is true stonework was in place again during that time and some remains of Phoenician structure included perhapes massive footings and odd pieces from other periods as well.This Crusader stronghold on Tyre Jubayl`s Castle,was built,but not into the fortress city it once was. The building  of such Fortresses included  Montfort,Belvoir,Atlit,as well as Acre,and all built in Palestine between the 12th and 15th centuries. Montfort, was built by the year 1226 AD others much later,that was 1,558 years after Tyre the Fortress City was destroyed by Alexander.  All rebuild upon the ashes of ancient history.   BB


  1. Glad you liked it Phil,i am no great historian but i am a story teller and have been since i began to speak. There will be updates of pictures and other stuff added here to reinforce my little account and of this young ruthless great man. Thanks for the comment. BB

  2. This reminds me on a topic somewhere! :-D
    Nice piece of history you told us here Paul! Thanks for sharing!


    1. Very glad it does remind you Peter. i decided to do my own topic here because Fortresses interest me along with the engineering side of attacking such massive structures.I looked into many things concerning this topic and some of which have been added onto the end of this page. It`s always a real pleasure to share stuff in my own space here.
      Thanks for commenting . BB

    2. I really cannot think which Topic Peter is referring to............:-D
      Alexander, one of the ultimate genius´s of the art of war. Does anyone before and after match his achievments?

    3. PS..why did I start my blog? To have my own space where i could present my stuff..and anyone who came out with nothing but criticism, which can at the start be constructive, but after a few times the overenflated ego behind the criticms Shows through..and they get the boot.

  3. There are no button counters in Daisy Town or here on BB`s Blog. BB