Tuesday, 6 September 2016

Making a Roof and Pan Tiles for It by BB

i was recently asked how i did my roofing tiles on Hougoumont,and the only record i had was those pictures i`d posted elsewhere. The elsewhere was of course Benno`s Figure Forum,where tons of my stuff is on there. The thing is i have no building project ongoing or indeed planned to make medieval rooftops of which Hougoumont was,                                                                                                       
i say was because many a new tile has replaced the old in the so called restoration of that dilapidated place of Waterloo 1815  Fame.                                             


The retrieved pictures show the basics of how to make a roof and make Pan Tiles for it.
The first picture is fuzzy,but it is better seeing  it rather than nothing.

To Begin
A Suggestion

Lets say you`ve been scratch building an oblong  structure_____

and your building has been constructed and now you need a roof.  So the paper card is measured ,marked out,and then cut out. So great you know how to use the ruler and craft knife! The center line is marked out,and it must be dead center,and it must be level and most importantly square so i would suggest you invest by buying a cheap Set Square like that you will see used in the following pictures,because it makes very light work of marking out as long as the paper is straight and level.
With the center line marked out,the card is then turned over and marked out by using a set square.

Measured and marked with a dot or dash,each is then line up with the set square and each line is then drawn across the piece and not along it length wise.

Any oblong holes for Dormer Windows must be marked out now between these lines if they are wanted.

The Roofs of Hougoumont as i Modeled it Many Years Ago.

Now there are many houses that in the hobby of Scratch Building can have this type of roof.

 So with all those spaced out lines marked out the card is turned over and that center line is scored very lightly to the halfway point and not right through,using a new sharp knife blade in a craft knife.i can highly recommend using a metal safety ruler they are very affordable to buy,and more to the point have a safety grove down their center so fingers put into place there are well protected,so there is no fear of seeing first your fingers flying off and then the agony of such an accident being felt  soon after. Another feature is there are two rubber strips on the other side of the ruler that stops it slipping. So all this makes for a very safe tool to use.

With the card scored halfway through the card is turn over and light pressure lifting up the sides will form a nice crease down the center. The ruler placed along this center  makes for a tidy edge as one edge is raised after laying the piece flat on the work table.

                                 Any oblong holes for Windows must be cut out now.

So great the roof should now look like that one above. Now we must make some simple brackets!

Whatever the Apex of your roof is that is the Angle of the Brackets that need measuring and cutting out. With your building stood on end on paper card the Apex is defind by running a pen around the pointed end of the building in question. OK i hope that is clear to everyone?

The number of cut out shapes needed are the same as the number of lines marked out across the roof.
P V A Glue is brushed onto one side, and put plenty on and then place them all upon another piece  of paper card,and leave them for 10 minutes.                                                                                                     

       There is an option drawn out above in case some might like beams and rafters to be seen. So in that case the middle sections need cutting out too. Then they can be scribed out later with a pen.                                                                                          

Then put a heavy book on top of them,or more lighter books,and leave them all to dry out. The waiting time taken after placing them onto the card after gluing is a great help because it stops the pieces skidding around like Penguins on ice,when the heavy book is placed on top of them,it also stops lots of glue from being squeezed out too.

This is the good part. Mark one side with a tick and cut them all out. This tick mark i make just in case one side is slightly different from the other. So they go on all the same way.
After they have all been cut out apply plenty of glue to both of the slopping angles,and place each piece aside for five minutes before sticking them into place. By doing this there will be no great need to hold the card up for ages once a piece is placed.

Remember the tick and make sure each is placed the same way along each line. Now the scratch build should hopefully make complete sense?

There they are going into place without a hitch!   Problem.

There you go all in place. You will notice the first and last bracket stuck into place are position in a ways from the edge so they should not fowl up on the building apex. The Pointed Ends!

Brillient the roof actually looks like a Roof. Well the shape of one anyway.

                                          There  it is stood on end showing itself off.

This is the easiest way that a roof can be built if you want it to lift off so access can be gained to the upper floors of whatever building it is.

                             IT IS VERY EASY AND ALL MY OWN DESIGN SHARED
                                i Hope you will find time to join me for that?  BB

                                                   An Interlude of Sorts

                               i Thought To Show You A Closer Look At Stuff.

First of all this is the other option shown from the roof brackets. This as you can see has its middle sections cut out,and this piece has been scribed with a pen and painted black and dry brushed!

This second option is for those who would like to see the beam effect in the roof. Of course there are many design patterns one could do,but within this topic i have kept it basic as in a type of foundation level for beginners who might have talented painting skills,but not much experience at doing easy scratch building.

The roof is the first thing one sees as we look down upon a toy or model building,so if it is not interesting enough to hold others attention their interest will wonder elsewhere. So we will want to avoid that happening until they`ve viewed everything that has taken yonks of time to build.

                                    Above my presentation of The Great Barn at Hougoumont.

The system of tiling i am going to best explain to you all is the very same one i employed on all the outer buildings of Hougoumont. Now all those building were medieval and half of them were destroyed during that great raging battle at Waterloo. So it was very hard to model buildings that no longer were there,and the fact that no one took time out to record what they looked like,means poetic licence applies to all those areas of construction.

When i can squeeze more time out from other things ( SLEEP! ) i will finish this topic.

                                 Please do return for that if there is interest enough to do so. BB

                                  MAKING THE PAN TILES OUT OF CARDBOARD

Yes you might have seen cardboard used before on model or toy buildings,but being rather wet with glue it squished easy like out of shape making a complete hash of the work.However that work carried on with painting which made it wet squishy all the more.                        
i guarantee that my system of stripping card down to make row upon row of tiles will in no way shape or form do that,unless you use boxing gloves to put each one of them on.

You will need Black Enamel Paint in this process, or you could come a cropper spoiling all your hard work by using water based paints. Black  enamel socks well into the card and when dry it is tougher than any plastic sheet.

The cardboard needs to be in a good dry condition and not damp or flattened.

Follow along down the pictures they are the only record of this type of work.

A 13mm tile strip marked out with a line,but before cutting it out, another line was marked out this line was  5mm up  from the edge of the card.  The strip was then cut out.

So why the 5mm line? That is a good question and the answer is ,because each strip cut out in this way will form an interlocking system of tiles and only one line needs marking out on the type of roof i showed being made.

That 5mm line was carefully cut along with a sharp craft knife ,but not right through the entire card.

The card strip was then turned over and the entire length of outer facing paper was cut off.

Using the knife to leaver loose each gap before pulling it off to the next one.

 If it is just wildly stripped off tugging it all off it will force it all out of shape. So one at a time!

It`s quick and simple and one can soon get the knack of it.

 So that the first side stripped! Now for the other side.
For this demostration i only cut one entire strip out,which will show how each section will eventually go together. So there was no need for me to cut out hundreds to prove a point.

Because the line had already been cut before stripping the other side off,it is easily levered off with the aid of the trusty craft knife. It is important that each side is worked upon as i have describe. Entire flat side first,then small strip second. Do it otherwise and the strip will be pulled way out of shape!

So there it is very neat in shape and trim,and this is the secret now revealed of how an interlocking system can be made,and from scrap cardboard that usually gets thrown in the recycling bin.

There being no great need to paint this sample. Well everyone knows how to paint messy smelly paint on ,don`t they?         So lets see how to put it together.  i cut the strip in two,and turned one piece over.
With the guide strip on the right hand strip now in view, it should now be clearly seen how the two go together as if upon a roof.

First the Black Enamel Paint needs brushing onto both sides. For Hougoumont i did Hundreds upon hundreds first one side then the next.   When fixed upon the roofs of which there were many i dry brushed over the tiles in seconds giving good contrast with deep shadows.  But this is not a painting tutoral because i am no great artist with a brush,and i realize many of you are.

 One on top of another. There are little cut marks here and there but these will no be seen as the following strips are added.that is if i were doing an entire roof that is.  ( It is like two bits of Lego going together, so a huge box of those bricks don`t need viewing.)

Turned over this shows how each strip can be guided straight and true each time without needing a line of mark on the work piece.  All one need do is mark a line for the first strip is to be laid and stuck using P V A Glue. Making sure that the tiles over lap the edge of the roof. The globbed on glue is brushed thickly onto the narrow guide strip and should make perfect contact  everytime.

It is simple neat and clean looking as each strip is placed onto the other. The handle of a small brush makes the perfect tool to ease each row onto each other.  i like to leave a slight gap at the front of each row because this create good shadow lines to the work,which is far better then forcing them all tightly upon each other.

With a larger piece of cardboard i next used it for the top ridge tiles.

Simply cut out like so,with one edge stripped off.

Then cut up the ridge tiles like so and put the finishing touches to the roof.

Imagine if you would that the line is the top of the roof and that you have reached the Apex of the work.  Stuck into line with P V A Glue,and with leaving a slight cap between each gives a nice look to the work.

Well Guys that`s my system of pan tiling i worked out Donkeys Years Ago.
Upon seeing some of my work it is tried and tested out to the full.
Working with differing angle of roofs will widen out ones skill and the ridge line tiles come more and more into play. This can be viewed on the roofs of Hougoumont.  

Thanks for Looking it has been fun. BB

A Students Work Shown Below

His first house

i have pride in presenting these,as they are from one of my students work. This was his second house that he built.                                                                                                                                                
 igor13 on Benno`s Figure Forum. 

So he learn`t well and is still expanding his scratch building skills today. 



  1. Replies
    1. Hi Phil,
      thank you for commenting,you my friend are a top man in painting and presentation.
      As for myself,i often get remarks about roofing on my toy like buildings,so this time i took time out to explain it more fully. i hope you and others will drop by again for the next part. BB

  2. You are a clever chap, can't wait to see how you do the tiles???

    1. Thank you Ray,
      i must admit that i am just a simple chap with a craft knife and lots of cardboard. it is nice of you to visit my little widening out space. BB

  3. Same here! really looking forward to seeing how you do the pan tiles.

    1. Hi Russ,i`m very glad you have keen interest in this topic.
      i hope the tiling will be a pleasant surprise for you.
      Thanks for commenting. BB

  4. That is so cool and so so easy to do! Absolutely brilliant!

    1. Hi Russ,"Simple is as simple does",that certainly describes the work fully entailed here in this topic.That is as long as measurements are kept the same and that first important line on the roof is marked out level.
      Thanks for your visit and comment. BB